Representation, not Diversity

“Liberal” American institutions–whether it is schools, fashion, Hollywood, business, etc–love to brag about how “diverse” they are. And we, too, celebrate diversity. After all, being exposed to a variety of perspectives, worldviews, and experiences, is probably net good compared to being stuck in a bubble of regurgitated ideas.
However, as much as a diverse range of perspectives offers a positive experience, in some situations, we must distinguish between “diversity,” “tokenization,” and what minorities truly want: representation. The issue is that many of these institutions utilize minorities–especially persons of color– as ways to make their product or service more desirable, without truly equalizing the platform. Often, this process is used to alleviate white guilt. Think “I’m 1/1024 Native American so I understand your struggles” as a similar kind of mindset. While this comparison is a bit of a stretch, on a truth level, they reflect the same phenomena: inclusion of minorities for a neoliberal purpose. 
Although inclusion is a first step, it cannot be an end goal, especially when inclusion does not give equality. Including one Asian in a top-grossing Hollywood film to occupy the role of the “kungfu master” or “computer science nerd” does nothing but continue to perpetuate and molding Asians into the same stereotypes. In the fashion industry, Asians and Black folk are included for their “exotic features” and smooth skin. Yet, the West still promotes beauty standards that center around high nose bridges, large eyes, and the “Kylie Jenner” look. Models that look like Gigi Hadid succeed much more easily in the industry compared to others like Deddeh Howard. How, then, can minorities feel completely satisfied when their people are included because they are exotic and different, but in the real world, those features are mocked and jeered?

What, then, is the end goal? What is the alternative to diversity? One possibility, I believe, is representation. 


What does representation look like?

Although representation might not look the same in every situation, it is an evidently possible scenario. Mainly, representation requires minorities to control and create their own narratives for themselves and produce their own knowledge. It is nearly impossible for a dominant group to create knowledge for a minority when their experiences are entirely different. For example, only Asian American authors can truly create an Asian American character. Not as a side character that fits nearly into a trope, but a main character with full complexity. Otherwise, the author is vulnerable to recreating harmful stereotypes.
My favorite real life example of representation is Crazy Rich Asians, which involves an all-Asian cast, author, and director. Crazy Rich Asians includes a plethora of multi-faceted characters that do not fit into traditional stereotypes. Each character is included not because they are needed to create the illusion of “diversity,” but because of their interesting personalities that add to the complexity of the story. Additionally, watching the movie as an Asian-American myself was an experience that no other group can replicate: I do not have to look at the subtitles when the script switches to Chinese or when Chinese songs play; I can relate to the experiences of making dumplings with family, the cultural dichotomies of traditional Asia, the West, and Asian-Americans, and eating street for in Asia. My tears were not only a product of the sentimental ending, but because Asian-Americans were crying before watching the film when it was announced that there would be an all-Asian cast.
Films like Crazy Rich Asians proves that representation is a realistic goal, one that we should strive for.

Note: Even though Crazy Rich Asians is not perfect in its diversity of “Asian” (i.e. lack of south asian characters), I believe that its still an immense improvement from the stereotypical Asian side characters (nerd, friend, gang member, etc) and is still something that must be celebrated in order for more future improvement!

Say NO to the New Youth Jail #People’sMoratorium

If you have not already heard, the city of Seattle plans to construct a New Youth Jail. Here is why you should OPPOSE construction and the steps you can take:

Background

    • Original plan: $200-210 million will be allocated to funding a new juvenile detention center in Seattle.
    • 55% of voters approved it in 2012, as it was described as a “Children and Family Justice Center,” which is misleading and prompted voters to cast an approving ballot.
    • Current estimates show that funding the jail will actually cost $225-230+ million, which is significantly more than what was approved.

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The “Right Type” of Student

As an extension to the debate around affirmative action and one of my latest posts, a key issue to address is how college admissions choose their minority students. Studies show that some admissions officers cherry pick how diversity is represented in their post-secondary institution. The main conclusion drawn is that admissions officers are more responsive and favor persons of color who are “deracialized and racially apolitical than they are to those who evince a commitment to antiracism and racial justice,” especially in favor of individuals interested in STEM.

While some would argue that favoring STEM is not a practice that is specific to students of color, that does not excuse admissions officers from dictating who is the right type of minority student.

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Why Affirmative Action Matters

In light of recent lawsuits against Harvard, and the increasing dissent against affirmative action in my own community, I decided to write this very extensive post.

Let’s get a few things straight: I believe affirmative action is a net good system with some current flaws that exist in its current operations. Yes, I am an Asian-American, but my personal identity should not excuse racist or discriminatory beliefs.

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Subtle Forms of Resistance

Berkeley, California: a historically-known site of leftist thought and youth political engagement.

Yet now, during the information era, as a prestigious university just one hour north of Silicon Valley, revolutionary socialists are replaced by computer science geeks and prospective molecular biology majors. Artificial intelligence prototypes “run” on the streets, as if a glimpse into the dystopia of the future.

Nevertheless, as I roam around the UC Berkeley campus, I still catch traces of radical thought –

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Culture appreciation…or appropriation?

If you’re an avid user of social media, you’ve probably seen this tweet pop around:

Yet again, another post of a non-POC wearing ethnically significant clothing. However, while most would agree an action like non-black folk wearing dreads is not acceptable, this issue witnesses a split in Asian-Americans. There is both a large support for Keziah’s actions as cultural appreciation, but also fervent opposition that deems the dress as cultural appropriation.

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Is Violence Justified?

** note: this was a speech I gave at a debate event so there may be some awkward writing **

When reflecting on the civil rights movement, modern society often praises the non-violent actions of Martin Luther King and fails to do justice on civil rights leaders with different methodologies. America has become obsessed with the notion that movements must be achieved peacefully, through words and not actions, through assimilation and not individuality. Consequently, Malcolm X is often overlooked as an uncivilized radical. And thus, the we must consider if Malcolm X’s violent approach to civil rights was appropriate at the time. The way we must approach the resolution is first to define what “violent” is, how and why Malcolm X advocated for this approach, and finally if it was justified for the time period.

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The Danger of the Model Minority

A teacher of mine this year once said that each generation battles different social issues, and the prime issues that “Generation Z” faces are immigration policy, and equality for black folks. “Don’t worry,” he immediately addressed our largely-Asian class when he finished. “The day for Asian-American representation will eventually come.”

While I have no doubts that the two issues mentioned above are the most attention-worthy in the status quo, I (as someone very interested in Asian-American identity theory) did quite some thinking about how the model minority myth perpetuates these two issues. It was actually one day when an Asian-American friend of mine approached me and asked “what exactly is so bad about the model minority stereotype?” and I ranted for twenty minutes, that I realized how many underlying dangers the myth perpetrates.

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The Settler Futurity

In the plight of xenophobia, racism, and populism that has made an aggressive comeback just when we were on the track of improvement ever since our dear POTUS entered the office, or any other nation where politics seems like a blood bath, sometimes we are so focused on current struggles that we forget a marginalization that has been occurring for centuries.

Although not every country can tangibly relate to anti-blackness, war on drugs, or child labor, there are two related system that have infected every corner of the earth: colonialism and imperialism; the conflict between the “savage” and the “civilized.” Yes, every continent, with perhaps the exception of Antarctica, has experienced these seemingly foreign concepts (shocker: it’s not always the Caucasian that is the “civilized”).

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